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World Immunization Week 2019: Know About Vaccines for Babies

World Immunization Week, celebrated in the last week of April, is dedicated to creating awareness about the role of vaccines in protection of people of all ages against various diseases.

Vaccines are a priceless gift from the medical field to the entire humankind. Sadly, even today, there are many serious and fatal diseases that impose a threat to the entire world but thanks to the advancement in technology in the medical field, we are able to fight them off with the help of vaccines. These vaccines help improve our immune system and prepare it to overthrow the diseases. It is very important that a child is vaccinated against all the diseases that impose a threat to his/her life. Here is a list of all the necessary vaccines for babies in India against common diseases:

(1) BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin):
This vaccine provides protection against Tuberculosis(TB) which is a very dangerous and somewhat common disease in India. Generally, one dose is given at the time of birth. However, it can also be given upto 1 year if not administered at birth.

(2)  DPT (Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus Toxoid):
This vaccine protects against Diptheria, Pertussis and Tetanus Toxoid diseases. Total five doses are administered. The first three doses(primary doses) at 6th, 10th and 14th week respectively. The first booster dose at the age of 14 to 16 months and the second booster dose at the age of 5 to 6 years.

(3) OPV(Oral Polio Vaccine):
This vaccine protects against the  poliomyelitis disease. Its doses are administered orally. Total 5 doses are given; a birth dose, three primary doses at 6th, 10th and 14th week respectively and a booster dose at the age of 16 to 24 months.

(4) Hepatitis B:
Provides protection against Hepatitis B. Four doses are administered; birth dose(within 24 hours of birth) and three primary doses at 6th, 10th and 14th week respectively.

(5) Measles-Lyophilized:
Provides protection against measels. Two doses are given; one at the age of 9 to 12 months and the other at the age of 16 to 24 months.

(6) TT (Tetanus Toxoid):
Protects against Tetanus. Two doses administered; one at the age of 10 years and the other at the age of 16 years.

(7) Japanese Encephalitis (JE):
Provides protection against Japanese encephalitis (brain fever). Two doses are adminitered; one at the age of 9 to 12 months and the other at the age of 16 to 24 months.

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